Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: Hypotheses, Conceptual Framework, and Methodology2017-10-20T17:01:03-04:00


environmental scarcity & violent conflict

The Environment and Violent Conflict: A Response to Gleditsch’s Critique and Suggestions for Future Research

June 21st, 2000|Tags: |

with Daniel Schwartz and Tom Deligiannis | The environment, population, and conflict thesis remains central to current environment and security debates. During the 1990s, an explosion of scholarship and policy attention was devoted to unraveling the linkages among the three variables.

Resource Scarcity and Innovation: Can Poor Countries Attain Endogenous Growth?

March 1st, 1999|Tags: |

Edward Barbier and Thomas Homer-Dixon | Endogenous growth models have revived the debate over the role of technological innovation in economic growth and development. The consensus view is that institutional and policy failures prevent poor countries from generating or using new technological ideas to reap greater economic opportunities. However, this view omits the important contribution of natural-resource degradation and depletion to institutional instability

Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Rwanda

September 1st, 1996|Tags: , |

Valerie Percival and Thomas Homer-Dixon | On April 6, 1994, President Juvenal Habyarimana’s plane exploded in the skies above the Kigali region of Rwanda. Violence gripped the country. Between April and August of 1994, as many as 1 million people were killed and more than 2 million people became refugees.

Strategies for Studying Causation in Complex Ecological-Political Systems

March 21st, 1996|Tags: |

This paper shows that some commonly advocated methodological principles of modern political science are inappropriate for the study of complex ecological-political systems. It also provides conceptual tools for thinking about the causal roles of environmental and demographic factors, and it discusses various strategies for hypothesis and inference testing.

Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Gaza

June 2nd, 1995|Tags: |

Kimberley Kelly and Thomas Homer-Dixon | The achievement of limited autonomy for Palestinians in Gaza and Jericho in 1993 engendered hope for peace in the Middle East, yet violence persists. The links between environmental scarcity and conflict are complex, but in Gaza, water scarcity has clearly aggravated socioeconomic conditions.

On the Threshold: Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict

October 1st, 1991|Tags: |

A number of scholars have recently asserted that large-scale human-induced environmental pressures may seriously affect national and international security. Unfortunately, the environment-security theme encompasses an almost unmanageable array of sub-issues, especially if we define “security” broadly to include human physical, social, and economic well-being.