The Environment and Violent Conflict: A Response to Gleditsch’s Critique and Suggestions for Future Research

2017-10-11T19:13:43-05:00June 21st, 2000|Academic, Conflict, Criticism and Response, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict|

with Daniel Schwartz and Tom Deligiannis | The environment, population, and conflict thesis remains central to current environment and security debates. During the 1990s, an explosion of scholarship and policy attention was devoted to unraveling the linkages among the three variables.

Resource Scarcity and Innovation: Can Poor Countries Attain Endogenous Growth?

2017-10-11T19:13:53-05:00March 1st, 1999|Academic, Conflict, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict, EPS Thematic Reports, Ingenuity and Innovation, Ingenuity Gap, Innovation, New Economics|

Edward Barbier and Thomas Homer-Dixon | Endogenous growth models have revived the debate over the role of technological innovation in economic growth and development. The consensus view is that institutional and policy failures prevent poor countries from generating or using new technological ideas to reap greater economic opportunities. However, this view omits the important contribution of natural-resource degradation and depletion to institutional instability

Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of South Africa

2017-10-31T13:58:02-05:00May 1st, 1998|Academic, Case Studies, Conflict, Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict, EPS Case Studies|

Valerie Percival and Thomas Homer-Dixon | The causal relationship between environmental scarcities – the scarcity of renewable resources – and the outbreak of violent conflict is complex. This article analyses the link between South Africa’s environmental scarcity and violent conflict.

Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Rwanda

2017-10-31T14:32:05-05:00September 1st, 1996|Academic, Case Studies, Conflict, Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict, EPS Case Studies|

Valerie Percival and Thomas Homer-Dixon | On April 6, 1994, President Juvenal Habyarimana’s plane exploded in the skies above the Kigali region of Rwanda. Violence gripped the country. Between April and August of 1994, as many as 1 million people were killed and more than 2 million people became refugees.

Strategies for Studying Causation in Complex Ecological-Political Systems

2017-10-31T13:50:31-05:00March 21st, 1996|Academic, Complexity, Complexity Science, Conflict, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict|

This paper shows that some commonly advocated methodological principles of modern political science are inappropriate for the study of complex ecological-political systems. It also provides conceptual tools for thinking about the causal roles of environmental and demographic factors, and it discusses various strategies for hypothesis and inference testing.

Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Gaza

2017-10-31T14:01:20-05:00June 2nd, 1995|Academic, Case Studies, Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict, EPS Case Studies|

Kimberley Kelly and Thomas Homer-Dixon | The achievement of limited autonomy for Palestinians in Gaza and Jericho in 1993 engendered hope for peace in the Middle East, yet violence persists. The links between environmental scarcity and conflict are complex, but in Gaza, water scarcity has clearly aggravated socioeconomic conditions.

Urban Growth and Violence: Will the Future Resemble the Past?

2017-10-24T01:05:44-05:00June 1st, 1995|Academic, Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Environment and Energy, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict, EPS Case Studies|

Peter Gizewski and Thomas Homer-Dixon | Many social, economic, and political problems have accompanied urban growth in the developing world. Will further growth result in violent behavior as expectations of economic improvement and social mobility are dashed?